When Europeans arrived, the state of Rhode Island was populated by Indian tribes (Wampanoag, Narragansett). An English colony was founded excluding religious dissidents from the Puritan communities of the Massachusetts Bay colony. One of the first settlers was Roger Williams who founded the city of Providence with his disciples in 1636.
William Coddington and other dissidents settled in Portsmouth (1638), Newport (1639) and Warwick (1643). Quakers, in search of a freedom of worship, installed themselves in large numbers in the years 1650 and 1660. In 1663, the colony is lived guaranteeing religious freedom by a letter from Charles II of England. In 1675-1676, he joined the other colonies of the News-England to overcome the Indian tribes.
The colony prospered rapidly in the eighteenth century thanks to agriculture, fishing (whales), colonial trade, the slave trade, smuggling. Newport became one of the first shopping centers in North America. The commercial restrictions imposed by the English government in the 1760s caused a lively discontent among the colonists. One of the first acts of resistance that has preceded the War of Independence was the fire of the English ship Gaspee in June 1772, in Narragansett Bay.
Rhode Island proclaimed its independence from May 1776. After their naval victory Quaker Hill (August 1778), the British occupied Newport. They were hunted in October 1779 and the port became the base of the French fleet (1780-1781), sent to the aid of American insurges, under the command of Count de Rochambeau. Concerned about its independence, Rhode Island joined the Union only on May 29, 1790.
The State experienced strong economic growth in the 19th and 19th centuries (maritime trade, development of the textile industry) that encouraged immigration and urbanization. Newcomers could not enjoy the right to vote, limited according to the letter of 1663, always in force, to the only landowners.
The campaign for constitutional reform led to a real rebellion in 1842. A more liberal constitution came into force in 1843. It was really democratic only in 1928. Rhode Island was, not so long ago, one of the most conservative states in the United States. United. Hardly hit by the Great Depression of the 1930s, he never found his antan prosperity again.
- COUNTRYAAH.COM: Provides a list of all holidays in the state of Rhode Island when both banks and schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as New Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of Rhode Island.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Do you know how many acronyms that contain the word Rhode Island? Check this site to see all abbreviations and initials that include Rhode Island.
Universities and other scientific institutions in Rhode Island
University of Rhode Island (URI) in Kingston
The University of Rhode Island is the leading public university in Rhode Island with the main campus in Kingston and the sub campus in Narragansett, Providence and West Greenwich. Originally founded as a school of agricultural science under the name Rhode Island College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts in 1892; Renamed 1909 to Rhode Island State College and expansion of the range of subjects; 1951 renamed University of Rhode Island
Brown University in Providence
Brown University is the elite university in Providence and the fifth of the so-called Ivy League universities in the United States after Harvard, Yale, Columbia and Princeton. It was founded in 1764 by Baptist priest James Manning as Rhode Island College in Warren and moved to Providence in 1770.
Public Schools in Rhode Island by County
- Rhode Island Bristol County Public Schools
- Rhode Island Kent County Public Schools
- Rhode Island Newport County Public Schools
- Rhode Island Providence County Public Schools
- Rhode Island Washington County Public Schools