Education in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of Congo Education

Democratic Republic of Congo Education, The country had, until the 1960’s, one of the best African elementary school systems, based on mission schools. After independence, the French-language system at that time failed to meet the standard, and the school system in the 1990’s was characterized by apostasy; thus many students do not complete 4th grade. Illiteracy in the adult population is 23% (1995).

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The public education system includes a compulsory and free six-year elementary school for 6-12 year olds. The superstructure consists of a two-year and a four-year level; the latter is divided into a general, a technical and a professional line.

Higher education takes place at four universities, two in Kinshasa and one in respectively. Kisangani and Lubumbashi, as well as a number of other, predominantly private colleges.

OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic


POPULATION: 77,400,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 2,270,000 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French, lingala, kikongo, Swahili and tshiluba (lingua franca language) and approximately 200 other African languages

RELIGION: Catholics 50%, Protestants 20%, Kimbanguists 10%, Muslims 10%, syncretic and naturalist religions 10%

CURRENCY: congo franc


ENGLISH NAME: Democratic Republic of the Congo


POPULATION COMPOSITION: luba 18%, kongo 16%, mongo 14% (all bantu), azande 6%; lunda, bemba, kasai, mangbetu, banda, tutsi, pygmies; a total of over 200 ethnic groups

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 412 (2014)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 55 years, women 58 years (2005)




The Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly Belgian Congo and Zaire, is a Republic of Central Africa. The country got its current name during the upheavals in 1997. Sometimes the country is referred to as Congo (Kinshasa) to distinguish it from neighboring Congo (Brazzaville). Officially called the Democratic People’s Republic of Congo, abbreviated DR Congo.

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The Democratic Republic of Congo is generally sparsely populated, and apart from mining, most of the country’s economic activity takes place around the capital Kinshasa. The country has great natural riches, but the dictator for many years, Mobuto Sese Seko, entrenched a considerable part of them. At the independence of Belgium in 1960, there were no structures in the country to build a nation, and revolts and periods of civil war have since characterized the country. Around the year 2000, this has developed into major acts of war involving troops from neighboring countries. Check youremailverifier for Democratic Republic of the Congo social condition facts.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Education