Most of what you breathe in reaches the fetus through
the placenta. This applies to both beneficial and
How is the fetus affected by
The carbon monoxide from the cigarette smoke removes
oxygen from the red blood cells and causes the fetus to
constantly suffer from some oxygen deficiency. The
nicotine in the tobacco causes the blood vessels to
contract so that the child gets worse blood supply.
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child less equipped to cope with stress.
What can happen to the fetus and the newborn baby?
The following may happen:
- More miscarriages and stillbirths occur among
- Children often get a little smaller and have
- They are generally a bit weaker and more often
have undeveloped lungs.
Long-term injuries when smoking during pregnancy?
Several studies indicate that:
- Children of smokers may have poorer growth.
- Smoking is also associated with a higher risk of
sudden infant death.
It has been found that children born by mothers who
smoke during pregnancy have an increased risk of
respiratory and ear infections.
Smoking and pregnancy
Is it too late to quit when you've already been
pregnant for a while?
The following applies:
- It's never too late to stop smoking.
- If you completely stop smoking before the 4th
month, it is difficult to find any serious injuries
in the child later.
- Even if you stop just a few weeks or days before
the birth, it is positive for the child.
Is it better to smoke light cigarettes, hookahs or
The following is good to know about:
- Light cigarettes are just as harmful as regular
- Most people who smoke light cigarettes smoke
more cigarettes and inhale deeper to achieve the
- Because hookah contains nicotine and other toxic
substances, you should not smoke hookah when you are
- E-cigarette is available without nicotine.
However, you do not know how the other substances
found in e-cigarettes affect the fetus, there are no
studies. Therefore, you should avoid smoking
e-cigarettes (whey) during pregnancy.
It is not enough to reduce smoking - do you have to
The following applies:
- It is better to smoke a little than to smoke a
- However, given the adverse effects, there is no
doubt that the most important difference is
demonstrated in a comparison between smoking and not
- The recommendation is therefore clear - decide
one day to end completely!
Smoking and breastfeeding
How can smoking affect breastfeeding?
Smoking affects breastfeeding in the following ways:
- Smokers have a harder time getting milk
production started than those who do not smoke.
Smokers must therefore breastfeed more often.
- Tobacco also reduces the amount of milk after
production has started. The reason for this is that
smoking leads to a lower production of the hormone
prolactin, which is of central importance for milk
- In addition, a number of harmful substances in
tobacco, via the milk, are also transmitted to the
Can I start smoking again when I'm done with both
pregnancy and breastfeeding?
The following is important to know about:
- All children are disturbed by tobacco smoke in
- The child is more often chilled and gets easier
ear infection, bronchitis and asthma.
Also think about what you gain from quitting smoking.
- Better health.
- Fine skin.
- Fewer wrinkles.
- Better sense of smell.
- Saves a lot of money.
Help to quit smoking
How can my partner help me quit?
If your partner does not smoke, you can ask them to
be supportive and helpful - without criticizing. If they
themselves are smokers, it is good if you stop at the
same time. Then you can encourage each other and it will
be easier for both of you to quit.
Passive smoking is also not good:
- For you during pregnancy.
- For the baby after it's born.
Support to quit smoking
There is help available at your health care center,
talking to your midwife or doctor.