Most women realize that it is important to limit the use
of drugs during pregnancy, especially those that are not
But pregnant women still suffer
from minor ailments, such as headaches, coughs and
colds, to the same extent as all other people. The
question is whether pregnant women should just "bite
together", or if there are non-prescription medications
that are safe to use during pregnancy.
A fetus is biologically linked to the mother through
the placenta, through which the fetus gets everything it
needs. The problem with a pregnant woman taking
medication is mainly that drug substances can pass
through the placenta and into the fetal bloodstream.
How does the drug affect the fetus?
The development of the fetus is divided into
three-month periods called trimester. For more information about pregnancy and maternity fashion, please see BESTAAH.COM maternity jeans. Some medications
can be dangerous to take during the first trimester, but
safe during the second and third trimesters - or vice
versa. This depends on the substance involved, its
effect and the developmental phase of the fetus.
- The first trimester is the period when the risk
of the fetus being affected is greatest. This is
because it is during this period that the fetal
organs develop. Medications can then cause
deformities (deformities) or other damage. If these
injuries are severe, it can even lead to abortion.
- During the second trimester, medicine may have
an impact on how the fetal nervous system develops.
They can also affect the growth of the fetus, which
can result in the baby having a low weight at birth.
Many experts believe that the second trimester is
the least risky period when it comes to taking
- Medications taken during the third trimester can
cause poisoning or breathing problems in the newborn
baby. This is because the baby can still have
medicine in the body after birth. The newborn does
not have as effective mechanisms in the liver and
kidneys to remove the drug substance as an adult
Medications taken during pregnancy can also affect
the fetus by changing the environment in the uterus.
Certain medications can cause uterine contractions,
which reduces the blood supply to the fetus. Other
medicines can affect the time of birth, and thus cause
premature or even late birth.
How do you know if the medicine is safe for the
Unfortunately, the answer is often that we don't
know. Of course, when a new drug is developed, clinical
trials are not conducted on pregnant women. They are
performed on healthy people after a long series of
animal experiments. During these animal experiments, it
is often also investigated what significance it will get
if you give the medicine to pregnant animals - usually
rodents, such as rats and mice. As a rule, several
generations are investigated if any damage can occur due
to the drug. Since these results cannot be transmitted
directly to humans, you cannot be entirely sure if you
can recommend the medicine to pregnant women.
However, many products have a lot of knowledge about.
These products have usually been on the market for many
years without causing birth defects in women who either
had to take medication during pregnancy, or
unintentionally became pregnant while taking the
This means that you know that some drugs are
completely safe for the pregnant woman, while you know
definitely that others are harmful. But for most drugs
there is no definitive evidence in one way or another.
This applies to both prescription and non-prescription
medicine as well as herbal remedies.
All medication during pregnancy must be preceded by
an assessment of the pros and cons. This decision should
preferably be taken in consultation with medically
trained persons, such as your doctor. If the benefits
are greater than the disadvantages, then medication will
be recommended. If the case is the opposite, one must
consider if there are other solutions.
What non-prescription medications can you take for
As mentioned above, the best way to minimize the risk
to your infant is to avoid all medication that is not
absolutely necessary. The following is an overview of
what is risky and risk-free when treating minor
Pain such as headache, migraine and back pain:
- Products containing paracetamol are safe during
all three trimesters provided they are taken at
normal doses. Typical products with paracetamol are:
Alvedon and Panodil. They have been used in
pregnancy for many years without causing problems.
- Products containing acetylsalicylic acid and
other so-called NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, are not
recommended. Above all, they should be avoided
during the last trimester, as they can affect the
time of birth and cause bleeding in both the mother
and the fetus.
- Codeine and substances extracted from codeine
can affect the child's breathing capacity if taken
in large doses during the last trimester or during
childbirth. There are many contradictory information
about the safety of this topic.
Allergies, such as hay fever:
- Products containing antihistamines in tablet
form or the like, such as cinnarizine, clemastine,
cyproheptadine and terfenadine, are safe if guidance
is obtained from your doctor. These are products
such as Marzine, Periactin, Phenergan, Polaramin,
Sepan, Tacryl, Tavegyl, Teldanex and Trihistan.
- Tablets containing antihistamines in tablet form
or the like, such as acrivastine, cetirizine,
desloratadine, ebastine, fexofenadine, loratadine
and mizolastine, should generally be avoided as they
do not have sufficient knowledge of these
substances. These are the products Aerius, Clarityn,
Kestine, Mistamine, Mizollen, Telfast, Verzal and
- Local nasal-active agents containing sodium
cromoglicate may very well be used. These are
products such as Hexacroman, Kombicrom, Lecrolyn and
- Mucosal agents (nasal sprays) containing
Oxymetazoline or Xylometazoline can very well be
used. These are products like Drixin, Iliadin,
Otrivin, Passagen and Zymelin.
If it does not help change diets, there are products
that can be used to prevent constipation in pregnant
women, who often suffer from this because the stomach
presses the intestine. In general, products that act
directly on the stool itself can be safely used. These
are products that have osmotic effect, that is, the
water content of the stool increases. This applies to
Damilax, Importal, Lactulose, Magnesia and Salilax. This
also applies to products that work by increasing the
stool volume (fiber products): Vi-Siblin and the herbal
remedy Husk. It is recommended to try with the latter
two products first.
- Products that work by increasing bowel movements
can normally also be used, but one should always try
the above mentioned first, unless it is an emergency
treatment, for example during an operation or an
examination. Theoretically, these products will also
affect the functions of the fetus. They work by
being absorbed into the pregnant woman's
bloodstream, but fetal damage has not been recorded.
These are: Dulcolax, Gutalax, Laxoberal, Perilax,
Picolon, Pursennid and Toilax.
- Products containing loperamide should not be
used, as it is not known how it can affect the
fetus. This applies to the following products:
Imodium, Imodium with Simethicon, Propiden and
Travello. In addition, Opium "PS" should not be
- Since short diarrhea generally does not harm the
pregnant woman or the fetus, a diarrhea should
preferably not be treated medically, although it is
unpleasant. But a diarrhea that goes on for a long
time can cause dehydration as well as a lack of
salts and nutrients. In such a case, try to treat
the diarrhea with Vi-Siblin or the herbal remedy
Husk or products with lactic acid bacteria such as
Paraghurt or the herbal remedy Ideoform.
- Acid neutralizing agents, which act by
neutralizing the stomach contents and thereby
preventing acid reflux, can usually be used, but
with caution. These products are Alkasid, Alminox,
Balancid Novum, Magnesia, Noazid and Novaluzid.
- Agents that are also used to treat stomach
ulcers and the like by inhibiting the production of
gastric acid can normally also be used, but only
when talking to doctors and trying the above
- Cough remedies can contain many different
substances. They should be checked separately. Since
cough is divided into "dry cough" and "cough with
mucus", there are two large groups of products.
- The dry cough products may contain
dextromethorphan, isoquinoline derivatives, codeine
and opium should not be used.
- The mucus products usually contain either
acetylcysteine (Alcur, Granon, Mucolysin and
Mucomyst) or bromhexine (Bisolvon, Bromhexin "DAK"
and Viscolyt). They can all be used, but should be
avoided during the first trimester.
- Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy can usually
be controlled by changes in diet such as small,
dense meals. However, if this does not help, and if
the nausea is judged to be more severe than
expected, it can be treated with medicine. During
the first trimester, it is best to use products such
as Marzine and Postafen, which contain the
anthistamine meciozin and cyclizine respectively.
- It may also be possible to use agents containing
metoclopramide, such as: Emperal, Gastro-Timelets,
Migpriv and Primperan, but only in small doses at
the end of pregnancy.
- Anti-nausea agents belonging to the neuroleptic
group should not be used, such as Toclase.
- Transport sickness is a common term for
sickness, air sickness and sea sickness.
Traditionally, they are treated with depot patches
containing scopolamine, for example Scopoderm, but
even if no harmful effects on the fetus have been
observed, this is not a first choice for pregnant
women because of the effect of the substance.
Instead, you recommend a range of antihistamines
that you know are effective and that pregnant women
can tolerate. These include the products Marzine,
Periactin, Phenergan, Polaramin, Sepan, Tacryl and
- There are many antihistamines on the market.
Other than the above should not be used by pregnant
against transport sickness, partly because not all
antihistamines work against transport sickness, and
partly because you do not know if they can harm the
Please note that this list is for guidance only. If
you are pregnant, you should always consult your doctor
for thorough, up-to-date and personalized advice on