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Planning to become pregnant

During pregnancy, the fetus is most vulnerable to adverse effects early in pregnancy, in weeks 3–8. Injuries that have occurred during this period can be serious for the fetus.

Why might it be good to plan a pregnancy?

Fertilization usually occurs two weeks before expected menstruation. This means that many do not know that they are pregnant before at least two to three weeks of pregnancy have passed. Therefore, it can be good to act as if you were pregnant before you get it.

Planning to become pregnant


Should I change my diet?

What nutrients the child gets in itself are related to what you eat. One-sided and unhealthy diets should therefore be avoided. You may also be interested in dietary supplements if you are a vegetarian or lose weight.

For the most part, regular healthy eating is more than enough. Extra vitamin and mineral supplements are not needed. In fact, it can be harmful to take too much of certain substances, such as vitamin A. For more information about pregnancy and maternity fashion, please see BESTAAH.COM maternity shirts & blouses. A dietary supplement that should nevertheless be mentioned is folic acid.Research has shown that low levels of folic acid early in pregnancy increase the risk of brain and spinal cord injury. Normal diet means that in most cases there is enough folic acid (spinach, broccoli, green leafy vegetables orange, milk, cereal products and intestinal foods are rich in folic acid). To ensure a sufficient level of folic acid, all pregnant women are now recommended to use folic acid tablets daily, from planning to become pregnant, or from knowing that they are pregnant, even up to pregnancy week 12. Among other things in the US, you have shown that this leads to a significant reduction in the incidence of congenital spinal hernia.

Obesity and exercise

If you have significant obesity there is a slightly increased risk of getting pregnancy diabetes and high blood pressure during pregnancy. However, this is detected through regular pregnancy checks. It is not recommended that you lose weight actively during pregnancy. It is better to maintain a healthy diet.

Pregnants who are well-trained and in good shape often have easier pregnancies and deliveries. Light exercise during pregnancy is therefore recommended. Daily walks are good workouts during pregnancy. If you are exercising a lot, you should talk to your doctor about an exercise program during pregnancy. Hard exercise has not been shown to be beneficial for pregnancy and childbirth.

Should I change some habits?

Some habits are especially bad during pregnancy: consumption of alcohol, cigarettes or drugs. Those planning to become pregnant should think through their alcohol habits as alcohol can harm the fetus throughout pregnancy, even in the period before you know you are pregnant. The same goes for smoking and drugs.

If you have trouble stopping this during pregnancy, it is recommended that you seek medical help or a midwife.

The effect of alcohol

The risk of alcohol damaging the fetus increases the more often you drink and the greater the amount of alcohol you drink. Damage that children can suffer from alcohol during pregnancy ranges from concentration difficulties and learning problems to brain damage and serious developmental disorders.

Effect of smoking

Smoking can lead to miscarriage, bleeding, premature birth and low birth weight. Low birth weight, in turn, is associated with increased damage during birth. There are also things that indicate that smoking increases the risk of sudden infant death, that the child grows more slowly and that it gets worse scores on IQ tests.

Effect of narcotic substances

Hash / marijuana, cocaine and other illegal drugs increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth and congenital malformations. Some of the drugs also lead to the baby being born with an addiction and thus developing abstinence after birth.

Are there things at work or at home that can interfere with pregnancy?

Care should be taken with radiation, handling of heavy metals and certain gases during pregnancy. It has not been shown that computer screens can produce harmful radiation. If it should prove that the workplace may pose a risk to your pregnancy, you can request to be moved to more protected duties. The employer is obliged to investigate the possibilities for this. If this is not possible, you can request so-called pregnancy money.

Most airlines do not allow pregnant women to fly during the last part of pregnancy, ie after week 36. This is not because flight could pose a danger to the fetus but because airlines do not want to risk childbirth on board. The restrictions are stricter for long-haul flights.

It can also be a good idea to avoid close contact with cats during pregnancy, especially if you are abroad. Cats can cause an infectious disease called toxoplasmosis. The disease is very widespread in the southern parts of Europe, but is not very common here in Sweden. The disease is usually not dangerous to humans, but can be harmful to the fetus if infected during pregnancy. Infection is spread primarily through food products that are contaminated by cat feces. If meat is well cooked or cooked, you can avoid infection.

Are there any medicines I should avoid?

You should be careful with all medicines when you are pregnant. In other words, this also applies to medicines purchased without a prescription. If you are using topical drugs for conditions such as asthma, epilepsy, migraine or metabolic problems (low or high), you should talk to your doctor about this.

What if I have a chronic illness?

If you have diabetes, high blood pressure or other chronic conditions, you should discuss this with your doctor. It is important that such illnesses are treated extremely carefully in conjunction with pregnancies, and it may be necessary to switch to medicines other than those you use in normal cases.

If you are considering whether you are a carrier of hereditary diseases, you should talk to your doctor about this. The doctor can also tell you if there are any special tests that are done before or during pregnancy, to detect any errors in the fetal inheritance.



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