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Breast inflammation

Breast inflammation, mastitis, is an inflammation of the breasts during the breastfeeding period.

What is Breast Inflammation?

The conditions usually occur a couple of weeks after birth. Common symptoms of breast inflammation are milk congestion, that milk does not pass and pains in the breast. The skin on the chest becomes hard, red and swollen. It is common with fever, chills, headaches and poor appetite.

Breast inflammation

If you go for several days with chest inflammation without getting treatment, it can also develop a so-called abscess, which is an accumulation of var in a cavity.

Breast inflammation occurs in about 10% in the first weeks after childbirth among women who are breast-feeding.


Risk factors for breast inflammation are milk that accumulates in the breasts, clogged milk ducts, and wounds and cracked nipples. Milk that stays in the mammary glands or clogged milk ducts can cause an inflammatory reaction that hurts a lot and is also a good breeding ground for bacteria. Wounds or cracks on the nipples also increase the risk of inflammation of the breast. Therefore, breastfeeding technique is important because improper breastfeeding technique can cause ulcers or cracks in the nipples. However, you can get breast inflammation despite good breastfeeding techniques. For more information about pregnancy and maternity fashion, please see BESTAAH.COM casual maternity dresses. Other risk factors for breast inflammation include generalized impairment, breast inflammation in previous pregnancies, tight bra that causes poor breast emptying, and sudden change in time between breastfeeding.

How is the condition diagnosed?

The diagnosis of breast inflammation is based on the typical symptoms - a hard, swollen, tender, hot and red breast. Fever, flu and chills can also occur. Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit appear, sometimes with red streaks from the chest to the armpit. Wounds or cracks in the nipples increase the likelihood of a bacterial infection.

Self Treatment

Effective breastfeeding is a crucial treatment for breast inflammation. If you do not have a severely impaired general condition and high fever, breastfeeding is the only treatment recommended during the first 24 hours. The breast should be emptied properly about every two hours throughout the day, as well as a few times at night. This usually has a good effect and often means that you do not need to be treated with antibiotics. Bra should be used to support the chest.

To empty the breast one should continue breastfeeding in case of inflammation of the breast. The only exception is when a mammal empties into the milk aisles. Then breastfeeding on that breast should stop for a few days after starting antibiotic treatment and until the appearance of the milk is normalized. In cases where it is difficult to continue breastfeeding due to pain, a milk pump can be used to empty the breast.

In pharmacies there are good creams and ointments that can be used to lubricate the nipples, so as to avoid cracks and ulceration, which can be important to limit the development of breast inflammation.

Antibiotic treatment

If emptying the breast has no effect and it is a bacterial breast inflammation, antibiotics can be used. It is important to take the entire antibiotic treatment, which usually lasts for ten days, to avoid the recurrence of inflammation.

If a whorl, so-called thorax, develops in the breast, surgical drainage is performed by the whorl. Many clinics do this using ultrasound and local anesthesia. Empty the warbler with a needle or a thin tube. The hose is sometimes left for flushing. Sometimes the punctuation is repeated if necessary.

To prevent new breast inflammation, you can:

  • Keep your breasts warm. This is especially important in winter.
  • Massage the breasts where you find hard sore glands.
  • Lubricate the breasts with the last milk drop after breastfeeding, and allow the breasts to air dry.
  • Make sure the nipples are not too moist due to leaks by changing breastfeeding frequently.


  • With frequent emptying of the breast, a non-bacterial breast inflammation lasts on average for three days and is complicated by bacterial infection in only a case of 20.
  • For bacterial breast inflammation treated with frequent breastfeeding plus antibiotics, the inflammation lasts on average for two days.

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